Modification of Ghanaian traditional abatoɔ game to improve the quality of basic education


  • Victor Boateng-Nimoh Department of Vocational Education, St. Louis College of Education, Kumasi, Ghana
  • William Kwabena Nantwi Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana


basic education, educational games, game-based learning, hopscotch, traditional abatoƆ game


The study focused on using the traditional abatoɔ game as a pedagogical tool for teaching contents in different subject areas and to find out how it motivates learners to learn. The study adopted a qualitative research approach with action and descriptive research methods. It was underpinned by the ‘Game-Based Learning’ (GBL) theory. Artistic techniques such as drawing, painting, printing, and computer Graphics were employed to modify the Ghanaian traditional abatoɔ game to improve the quality of teaching and learning. The modified abatoɔ game was tested at M.A. Bediako Adventist Preparatory school, Amakom-Kumasi Ghana with a population of five hundred and eighty-seven (587) pupils. Out of this, purposive and convenience sampling techniques were used to select forty (40) basic one pupils, thirty-six (36) basic four pupils and thirty-nine (39) basic six pupils as sample for the study.  Observation, tests, feedback cards, and opinionnaire were used to collect data for the study. The study revealed the possibility to modify traditional games into educational games with integration of different learning contents. The study concluded that, learning contents integrated into game reinforce learners’ understanding of learning concepts, motivate learners to learn and prepare in advance for studies. The modified abatoɔ game also have the potential of reducing the workload on teachers as different learning contents can be taught with a single game.


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Author Biographies

Victor Boateng-Nimoh, Department of Vocational Education, St. Louis College of Education, Kumasi, Ghana

Victor B. Nimoh received an MA Degree in Art Education from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi, Ghana in 2011. His MA research focused on developing Traditional games into learning or Educational Games. His primary interest is to develop new pedagogical skills to support formal education. His research and teaching interests include theory and practical application of acquired knowledge. Victor is currently an Art Education Lecturer at St. Louis College of Education, Ghana. He is also the Head of the Department of Vocational Education, and a member of several Committees including the Academic Board Committee.

William Kwabena Nantwi, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

William K. Nantwi is an experienced Art teacher with a demonstrated history of exploring the right pedagogical approaches in Art education. Skilled in contemporary Art, Art Pedagogy, Graphic Design and Public Speaking. William is a strong research professional who serves as an Editor for African-British Journalistic, European Journal of Education Studies, and a member of the European Centre for Research Training and Development-UK. He is currently studying for a Doctor of Philosophy – PhD focused in Art Education from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology.


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How to Cite

Boateng-Nimoh, V., & Nantwi, W. K. (2020). Modification of Ghanaian traditional abatoɔ game to improve the quality of basic education. Research Journal in Advanced Humanities , 1(4). Retrieved from