Unravelling the translucent theories on espionage: A periodical study on Crime and Security
Keywords:cyber espionage, nations, policies, security
The concept of human based Espionage has grown between nation-states since the time of ancient civilisations thus the same is not a new phenomenon, but in the last few decades the globe has moved into an absolutely new dimension of spying through artificial intelligence and internet system aptly known as cyber espionage. This futuristic form of espionage has brought the global sphere into their control tackling national security, affecting the economic and political relationships between nation-states as well as changing the shape of modern warfare. Therefore, in spite of the advantages brought about by modern technology, there is a whole new set of problems as well. This paper provides some background on cyber espionage, including what it is, how it works, how it is used, and who is using it. This paper tends to analyse and identify how cyber espionage is affecting the world today and describe some possible methods for nation-states to create policies keeping in mind citizen privacy against cyber-attacks.
Electronic Communications Privacy Act -1986
Jones v. United States: 362 U.S. 257 (1960)
State v. Smith - 210 Conn. 132, 554 A.2d 713 (1989)
Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986.