Climate change impact, adaptation, and coping strategies of indigenous community in Nepal: A systematic meta-review trend analysis

Main Article Content

Raju Chhetry


Climate change toughing life to the various sectors among the indigenous in Nepal. The adaptation process is following traditional methods. This study has been designed to analyze the impact situation, adaptation process, and coping strategies of the surveyed communities within 12 peer- reviewed articles published from 2012- to 2022, through systematic meta-analysis. The analysis will be based on the common four objectives among the selected articles. The article will be further analyzed through strength and critique modes for a better analysis of the articles. The study summarized that temperature has increased and rainfall patterns are erratic’s, farming practices are challenging. Market purchase, agroforestry, cash crop, agriculture, and livestock are the continued adaptive capacity of the majority in a community. Adaptation and coping strategies are traditional. Indigenous have limited knowledge of climate change and adaptation. An establishment of hydrological stations, promotion of local culture, and productions are suggested. A sustainable program for climate change adaptation is advised by local governments. A message to the scientific society refers that a digital survey is the best way during a global crisis, reliable reduces research cost, and a critical review of papers will generate a strong document for the researcher for any execution in the future.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chhetry, R., & DeMello, L. (2022). Climate change impact, adaptation, and coping strategies of indigenous community in Nepal: A systematic meta-review trend analysis. Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(1).
Author Biography

Laveena, Srinivas University

PDF Scholar, Srinivas University

How to Cite

Chhetry, R., & DeMello, L. (2022). Climate change impact, adaptation, and coping strategies of indigenous community in Nepal: A systematic meta-review trend analysis. Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(1).


CBS. (2004). Nepal Living standard Survey. Kathmandu: Central Bureou of Statistics.

CBSa. (2013). Nepal Living Standard Survey III. Kathmandu: Central Bureau of Statistics, NPC(Government of Nepal.

Charmakar, S. (2012). Perceived climate change impacts and adaptation by Chepang community: A case study of Shaktikhor Village of Chitwan Central Region of Nepal. Lambert Academic Publishing.

Chetry, R., D'Mello, L., & Panta, K. R. (2022, May 10). Climate change impact on the food system: a comparative case study of two indigenous communities of bagamati province, Nepal. Green reports, 3(8), 7-18. doi:10.36686/Ariviyal.GR.2022.03.08.040

Deressa, T. T., Hassan, R. M., Ringler, C., Alemu, T., & Yesuf, M. (2009). Determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods to climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 19(2), 248-255. doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2009.01.002

DFSN. (2012). Food Security Situation of Makwanpur district. District agriculture Development Office-Makwanpur, Agriculture. Hetauda: Nepal Khadya Suraksha and Anugaman Pranali -NeKSAP.

Dhungana, N., Silwal, N., Upadhaya, S., Khadka, C., Regmi, S. K., Joshi, D., & Adhikari, S. (2020). Rural coping and adaptation strategies for climate change by Himalayan communities in Nepal. J. Mt. Sci., 17(6), 1462-1474.

Duwal, S., Neupaneb, P. K., Devkota, B., & G C, Y. D. (2017). Climate Change Imprint and Impacts on Livelihood of Indigenous Nationalities: A Case of Chepang Community from Bhumlichowk Area, Gorkha District, Nepal. International Journal of Sciences:, 35(3), 173-183.

IPCC. (2007). Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Core writing Team. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.

Khanal, P., Wagle, B. H., Upadhaya, S., Ghimire, P., & Acharya, S. (2019). Perceived climate change impacts and adaptation strategy of Indigenous community (Chepangs) in rural mid-hills of Nepal. Foresty Journal of Institute of Forestry, 48-61.

Malla, G. (2008). Climate chnage and its impact on agriculture. The Journal of Agriculture and Environment, 9, 62-71.

MoSTE. (2015). Indegenious and local knowledge and practices for climate resilience in Nepal. Mainstreaming Climate Change Risk Management in Development. Kathmandu: Ministry of Science, Technology and Environemnt (MoSTE).

Mukhopadhyay, D. (2009). Cultural values, indigenous knowledge for climate change adaptations in developing countries. Economics Department. Noida, Delhi: Delhi University.

Obayelu, O. A., Adepoju, A. O., & Idowu, T. (2014). Factors influencing farmers’ choices of adaptation to climate change in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development, 108(1), 3-16. doi:10.5958/2230-7338.2015.00022.1

Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L., & Joshi, K. L. (2012). Comparison of Adaptive Capacity and Adaptation Practices in Response to Climate Change and Extremes among the Chepang Households in Rural Mid-Hills of Nepal. Journal of International Development and Cooperation, 18(4), 55-75.

Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L., & Joshi, K. L. (2012). Vulnerability of rural households to climate change and extremes: Analysis of Chepang households in the Mid-Hills of Nepal. International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) Triennial Conference. Brazil.

Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L., & Joshi, N. P. (2012). Perceptions and realities of climate change among the Chepang communities in rural mid hills of Nepal. Journal of Contemporary India Studies, 35-50.

Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L., & Joshi, N. P. (2013). Determinants of adaptation practices to climate change by Chepang households in the rural Mid-Hills of Nepal. Reg Environ Change, 13, 437–447. doi:10.1007/s10113-012-0359-5

Piya, L., Maharjan, K. L., & Joshi, N. P. (2016). Vulnerability of Chepang households to climate change and extremes in the mid-hills of Nepal. Climatic Change, 135(3-4), 521-537.

Practical Action. (2009). Helping the poorest to survive promoting adaptation to climate change. Kathmandu: Practical Action Nepal.

Regmi, B. R., & Bhandari, D. (2013). Climate change adaptation in Nepal: Exploring ways to overcome the barriers. Journal of Forest and Livelihood, 11(1), 43-61.

Sapkota, B. D. (2018). Impact of Climate Change on Livelihoods: Adaptations. Nuta Journal, 5(1 &2), 27-32.

Sharma, P., Kattel, R. R., & Subedi, A. P. (2020). Climate Resilient Maize Production in Chepang and Non-Chepang Farming Communities of Chitwan, Nepal. Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol, 8(1), 71-77. doi:10.3126/ijasbt.v8i1.27242

Shrestha, A. B., Khanal, N. R., Shrestha, M., Nibanupudi, H. K., & Molden, D. (2014). Eye on the Sun Kosi landslide: Monitoring and infrastructure planning key to minimizing scale of disasters. Kathmandu: International centre for Integrated Mountain development (ICIMOD).

Shrestha, A., Shrestha, B., & Aryal, R. (2011). Climate change in nepal and its impact on Himalayan glaciers. Regional Environmental Change, 11(1), 65-77.

Shrestha, C. M. (2007). Indigenous knowledge and practice on biodiversity conservation among the Bankariya indigenous peoples. Kathmandu: SNV Nepal.

Thapa, P., & Upadhaya, P. S. (2019). Vulnerability assessement of indegenious communities to climate change in Nepal. Academia, 41-45.

World Bank. (1998). Indigenous knowledge for development: a framework for development. Africa region: Knowledge and Learning centre, world Bank.