Climate change impact, adaptation, and coping strategies of indigenous community in Nepal: A systematic meta-review trend analysis
Keywords:Climate change, Adaptation, Livelihood, coping strategy, Indigenous-Tribes.
Climate change toughing life to the various sectors among the indigenous in Nepal. The adaptation process is following traditional methods. This study has been designed to analyze the impact situation, adaptation process, and coping strategies of the surveyed communities within 12 peer- reviewed articles published from 2012- to 2022, through systematic meta-analysis. The analysis will be based on the common four objectives among the selected articles. The article will be further analyzed through strength and critique modes for a better analysis of the articles. The study summarized that temperature has increased and rainfall patterns are erratic’s, farming practices are challenging. Market purchase, agroforestry, cash crop, agriculture, and livestock are the continued adaptive capacity of the majority in a community. Adaptation and coping strategies are traditional. Indigenous have limited knowledge of climate change and adaptation. An establishment of hydrological stations, promotion of local culture, and productions are suggested. A sustainable program for climate change adaptation is advised by local governments. A message to the scientific society refers that a digital survey is the best way during a global crisis, reliable reduces research cost, and a critical review of papers will generate a strong document for the researcher for any execution in the future.
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