Journal of Public Health and Sanitation <p>This journal publishes original review and research articles that broadly focuses on the prevention of illness, disease, and <strong>health</strong> care inequalities. Some of the areas in focuses include epidemiology, environmental <strong>health</strong> sciences, <strong>health</strong> policy and management, biostatistics, and social and behavioral aspects of <strong>health</strong>. </p> en-US (AMOS OJWANG) Wed, 17 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Preparation and characterization of Neem Bark Extract with antimicrobial activity <p>Aim and objective of this study was to prepare and characterize of Neem Bark Extract from <em>Azadirachata indica</em> (family – <em>Meliaceae</em>). In the mid of August, the stem bark was collected from the Azadirachata indica tree. After preparing neem bark methanolic extract from stem of Azadirachata Indica, extract was characterized by physical property evaluation, chemical property evaluation, antimicrobial evaluation, by determination of λ max using methanol and ethanol solvent, percentage of purity of prepared <em>Azadirachta indica</em> bark exracts using UV spectroscopic method(shimadzu-1700), doing structural elucidation by FTIR study in laboratory.</p> Sudipta Roy, Devender Sharma Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Public Health and Sanitation Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Exploration of two natural inhibitors for treating COVID-19 from simple natural products: nature probably has all the Solutions <p>The plausible interactions of the two novel natural inhibitors; 2-(3,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxychromenylium <strong>(1)</strong> and 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3-hydroxy-7-methoxy-4<em>H</em>-chromen-4-one <strong>(2)</strong> (<strong>Figure 1</strong>) with one of the prominent Coronavirus target (Viral SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein) which is involved with the survival of the virus was studied through the Glide (Molecular Docking) module of the Schrodinger (Maestro 9.1) software. The docking scores of both the two natural compounds were reported and a probable conclusion for pharmacotherapeutics was drawn from this exploration.</p> Tomy Muringayil Joseph, Debarshi Kar Mahapatra Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Public Health and Sanitation Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Periodontal disease: Understanding oral-systemic connections <p>Periodontal diseases are collection of several pathological conditions characterized by degeneration of gums, periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone, dental cementum, and migration of epithelium leading to the formation of periodontal pockets. Metastatic spread, metastatic injury, and metastatic inflammation are the three basic pathways linking oral infections to secondary systemic diseases. <em>Metastatic spread</em> of infection may occur from oral cavity to systemic circulation due to transient bacteremia. The study emphasizes on discussion about potential risk factors. Therefore, it is important to understand all possible risk-factors if morbidity and mortality due to this disease are to be reduced. Oral infection may represent a significant risk factor for systemic diseases, and hence the control of oral disease is essential for the prevention and management of these systemic conditions.</p> Sarita Kumari Yadav, Brahmeshwar Mishra, Nalini Kanta Sahoo Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Public Health and Sanitation Wed, 01 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000