Research Journal in Medical and Health Sciences <p style="text-align: justify;">Research Journal in Medicine and Health Sciences (RJMHS), is a peer-reviewed quarterly open access journal. The journal publishes experimental, translational and clinical approaches across all areas of biomedical sciences and clinical research and practice. primary objective to provide research and applications related to Medical &amp; Health Sciences. The Research Journal of Medical &amp; Health Sciences (RJMHS) aims to publish original research work that contributes significantly to enhance the scientific knowledge in Medical Sciences.&nbsp;</p> en-US (Prof. Tom J. Webster) (Amos O. Ojwang') Thu, 04 Aug 2022 21:14:30 +0000 OJS 60 Renal function parameters and hematological indices among artisans occupationally exposed to lead in Suleja metropolis, Nigeria <p>Lead exposure at work has been linked to significant health impacts, including a detrimental impact on organ functions, including nephrotoxicity and hematologic impairment. The above cross-sectional study was carried out to examine renal function status and hematological indicators of artisans working in the Suleja metropolis who had occupational lead exposure. There was a maximum of 137 persons studied: 67 artisans (car mechanics, generator repairers, petrol attendants, battery chargers, and spray painters) compared with 70 age-matched healthy control subjects between 17 and 50 years. Everyone had a 10ml venous blood sample drawn in order to determine biological markers (potassium, sodium, urea, uric acid, chloride and creatinine levels) and the complete blood count using standard laboratory methods. Results revealed that occupationally exposed artisans have significantly elevated blood lead of (82.25%, 37.6±0.8 µg/dL), White blood cell count (WBC) 8.5±1.4 x10<sup>9</sup>/L and decreased heamoglobin (Hb) (72.51%, 9.8±1.1 g/dL, P&lt;0.05), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (76.2 ± 5.4 fL P&lt;0.05), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (25.3±1.9 pg, P&lt;0.05) as compared with unexposed subjects (lead: 12.7±1.8 µg/dL, Hb: 14.3 ± 1.5 µg/dL. &nbsp;WBC: 6.5±1.8 x10<sup>9</sup>/L, MCV: 83.4 ± 2.7 fL, MCH: 28.7±1.4 pg; p&lt;0.05 in all cases). Significant elevations were also observed in the mean concentrations of serum urea (8.1±1.6 mmol/L), creatinine (1.3±0.3 mg/dL), sodium (163±32 mmol//L), potassium (6.1±1.3 mEq/L), as well as a considerable decrease in the mean serum chloride levels (86.7±18 mmol/L) of occupationally exposed artisans compared to unexposed subjects (110.5±21 mmol/L), indicating impaired renal and hematologic functions in occupationally exposed individuals.</p> Aliyu Haruna Sani, Collins Obinna Keke, Florence Harvey, Ama Konamah, Tasallah Huawa Muhammad Copyright (c) 2022 Aliyu Haruna Sani Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Health-seeking behaviour among Ghanaian urban residents: A quantitative exploratory case study <p>Health seeking behaviour is important for personal and social reasons, and several health problems can be adequately treated if they are reported early for appropriate health intervention. We examined the health-seeking behaviour of residents of a suburb in the capital of Ghana, the point in ill-health that they seek healthcare, their first point of call for healthcare, and the determinants of choice of first point of call. Simple random sampling was used to select 316 eligible respondents. Quantitative data were collected with questionnaire and analysed with IBM SPSS version 22. Descriptive statistics and Logistic regression were used to interpret the findings at 95% confidence intervals. Most respondents (50.6%) sought healthcare days to months after their first experience with ill-health, 15.5% sought healthcare when they were severely ill, and about 34% sought healthcare immediately they experienced ill-health. Most of the respondents’ (54.2%) first point of call for healthcare was self-medication with herbal sources or faith-based healing, and 45.8% sought attention from orthodox sources. Males were 1.97 times more likely than females; married individuals were 2.33 times more likely than the unmarried; and health insurance holders were 1.55 times more likely than the uninsured to use orthodox outfits as first point of call for healthcare. Healthcare stakeholders and policy makers need to intensify education on the need to seek orthodox healthcare in ill-health, encourage increased enrolment on the national health insurance scheme and strengthen social support systems that encourage good health-seeking behaviours.</p> Lily Yarney, Evelyn Adjei-Mensah, Joseph Darko, Akosua Nyame Adom Frempong Copyright (c) 2022 Lily Yarney Sat, 26 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000