Effects of counselling intervention on management of adolescents’ risky behaviour in therapeutic communities in Uasin Gishu County
Keywords:counselling intervention, therapeutic communities, adolescents, risky behaviour
The purpose of counselling is to facilitate self-knowledge, emotional acceptance, growth and optimal development of personal resources. Counselling is one of the strategies used as intervention in managing human behaviour. This paper examines the effects of counselling intervention on the management of adolescents’ risky behaviours in therapeutic communities based on a study in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. The study was guided by Reality theory. A sequential embedded mixed methods research design was used. The quantitative segment used ex post facto design and qualitative strand was phenomenological. The target population comprised all adolescents and counsellors in therapeutic communities located in Uasin Gishu. Out of the 6 therapeutic communities in Uasin Gishu, 4 were purposively selected to take part in the study. The total population was 270, comprising 240 clients, 12 counsellors, 8 recoverees and 10 sports trainers. Probability sampling was used to select 80 adolescents to take part in the study. Census approach was employed to select all the 12 counsellors, 10 sports trainers and 8 recoverees. Data was collected using adolescents’ questionnaires, and interview guide for the counsellors, recreational activities trainers, and recoverees. Moreover, document analysis guide was used to collect information and included therapeutic communities’ records from counsellors and client intake information. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative methods to analyse and interpret data. Data involving descriptive statistics included percentages, means, standard deviation and frequencies. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed to test the hypotheses. The study established that all forms of counselling (individual, group and family therapy) had an effect on management of adolescents’ risky behaviour (F=2.132; p=0.017). Therefore, it is important to integrate all three forms of counselling interventions when dealing with adolescents’ risky behaviour.
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