Disposition of the Child within the Family: A Case Study of Caribbean Literature
This study is based on the premise that a literary writer has a wide range of narrative agents to choose from. Literary artists discriminate in the choice of both subject–matter and technique. When a writer thus makes a selection, it is assumed that he opts for what is best suited to articulate his vision or ideological perspectives on a multiplicity of concerns. A writer’s preference in terms of character-types should therefore never be taken for granted but rather should be perceived as a vehicle through which the writer lays bare his/her message. Boulton (1954) asserts: “a story or essay will achieve an effect on the reader by selection of some aspects of the subject” (p.109). Characterization in Literature is therefore a deliberate enterprise aimed at achieving certain goals. Characterization has all along been an important part in literary history. During the classical period, only characters of the highest social standing were treated as subjects of truly serious attention in literary art. Ordinary human existence could only be treated in a flippant, comic or satiric manner. A writer would thus employ a child character in literature intended for mature persons because he/she is convinced that the age factor will express his message more forcefully than if he/she employed an adult character. Wilson-Tagoe and Dabydeen (1987, p.38) assert that in novels about childhood, “the child’s experiences become part of the novel’s social and political vision, and are often controlled and shaped by the overall point of view of the writer”. This study thus seeks to investigate the function of the child in the West - Indian adult novel.
Allport, G.W. (1954): The Nature of Prejudice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Addinson Wesley.
Anthony, M. (1965): The Year in San Fernando. New Hampshire: Heinemann.
Aries, P. (1962): Centuries of Childhood. Trans. R. Baldick. London: Jonathan Cape Ltd.
Aristotle. (1934): Aristotle’s Poetics: Dematrius on Style and Other Classical writings on Criticism. Trans. T. Twining. London: Everyman Library.
————(1958): Politics. London: Heinemann.
Ba, M. (1986): So Long Letter. London: Heinemann
Bell, R. Q & H.V. Harper (1977): Child Effects on Adults. New Jersey: Lawrence
Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
Berger, N (1971): “The Child, the law and the State” in P. Adams et. al, Children’s
Rights. London: Elek Books.
Berger, P.H & T. Luckmann (1966): The Social Construction of Reality. New York: Doubleday.
Boulton, M. (1954): The Anatomy of Prose. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul ltd.
Dabydeen, D & N. Tagoe (1987): A Reader’s Guide to West Indian and Black British Literature. Surrey: Rutherford Press.
De Mause, L. (1974): The History of Childhood. Souvenir Press.
Dickens, C. (1959): Hard Times. London: Oxford University Press.
Elkind,D. (1970): Children and Adolescents: Interpretive Essays on Jean Piaget.
New York: Oxford University Press.
———-(1974): Children and Adolescents. New York: New York University Press.
Forster, E.M. (1927): Aspects of the Novel. London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.
Freud, S. (1955): The Origin and Development of Psychoanalysis. Los Angeles:
Ginsburg, H & O. Sylvia (1969): Piaget’s Theory of Intellectual Development: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.
Goodman, M.E. (1964): Race awareness in Young children. New York: Collier Books.
Halbawachs, M. (1958): The Psychology of Social Class. London: Heinemann.
Hodge, M. (1970): Crick Crack, Monkey. London: Andre’ Deutsch.
Holt, J. (1975): Escape from Childhood. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
James, E. Anthony et. al. (1978): The Child in His Family. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Jones, D.N. et. al. (1987): Understanding Child Abuse. London: Macmillan Education Ltd.
McDonald, I. (1969): The Humming Bird Tree. London: Heinemann.
Mugubi, J (2010): The Child Character in Adult Literature. Berlin: LAP Lambert Acad. Publ.
Oyono, F. (1966): House Boy. Tr. From french by J. Reed. London: Heinemann
Park, R.E. (1950): Race and Culture. Illinois: The Free Press.
Peck, J & M. Coyle (1984): Literary Terms & Criticism. London: Macmillan Education Ltd.
Piaget, J. (1937): “Principal factors determining Intellectual evolution from childhood to Adult Life” In Harvard Tercentenary Conference, Factors Determining Human Behaviour. Cambridge: Harvard UniversityPress.
————-(1950): The Psychology of Intelligence. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Rhys, J. (1966): Wide Sargasso Sea. London: Deutsch.
Sears, R.R. (1947): “Child Psychology”, Current Trends in Psychology. ed. W. Dennis et.al. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburg Press.
————(1951): “Social Behaviour and Personality Development”, Toward a General Theory of Action. T. Parson & E.A. Shils. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Shinebourne, J. (1988): The Last English Plantation. Yorkshire: Peepal Tree Press.
Sockett, H.T. (1975): “Parent’s Rights” in D. Bridges & P. Scrimshaw, eds. Values and Authority in Schools. London: Hodder and Stoughton.
Sophocles (1947): The Theban Plays: King Oedipus, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone. Tr. by E.F. Walting. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics Books Ltd.
Wringe, C.A. (1981): Children’s Rights. London: Routledge.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 John Mugubi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA) license.
You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- John Mugubi, William Mureithi Maina, Concomitants of socio-cultural exigencies on narrative preferences in the Kenyan “Riverwood” film , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
- Moses Atwoli, John Mugubi, FACET AND IMPORTS OF ORATURE IN FRANCIS IMBUGA’S DRAMA: A STUDY OF AMINATA, THE BURNING OF RAGS AND THE RETURN OF MGOFU , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 4 (2017)
- Wangari Mwai, John Mugubi, Pomak Frank Tengya, Reflections of Brecht’s Political Theatre on African Drama: Imbuga’s Successor and Rotimi’s If… in Perspective , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 10 (2017)
- Robert Wesonga, John Mugubi, Things Fall Apart back to the Owners: Adapting Achebe’s Text to Film for the Igbo Populace , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 9 (2017)
- Anne Mungai, John Mugubi, Narratives of Rectitude and Extremist Ideology in Selected Kenyan Feature Films , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 10 (2017)
- Eliud Situma, John Mugubi, Utilization of films as Wellsprings of Succour, Edification and Repose for Psychologically Lacerated Persons: An Exploratory Study , Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences: Vol. 1 No. 10 (2017)