Ethical Issues in News Commercialization: Implications on Journalism Practice in Nigeria
Keywords:Deontology, Ethics, Gate-keeping, Journalism, Utilitarianism, New Commercialization
Ethics and truth in journalism have assumed a global concern as scholars recognize that their basic constituents of objectivity, accuracy, fairness and balance have merely assumed mythical qualities as journalists battle to assign credibility to their news stories. This study was designed to examine ethical issues in news commercialization and its implication on journalism practice in Nigeria. The sanctity of news is gradually being infiltrated by commercial messages of propaganda in the interest of government, private organizations, and elite individuals as distortion of news, imbalanced report, the growing tendency and lack of objectivity are the major problem inherent in journalism practice. The work closely examines the issues involved with a view of fashioning a way forward towards best practices. Anchoring the work are Utilitarianism theory of ethics, Deontology, Virtue ethics, and gate keeping theories which are theories addressing ethical values in news commercialization. The paper concludes that recent journalism practice in Nigeria is plagued with the malaise of news commercialization, and it has negatively affected the image of media institutions in the country. Based on the foregoing, the paper recommends that ethical standard should be raised by practitioners and relevant regulatory agencies should ensure that enforcement of laws and ethics is rigorously pursued to compel media houses to comply with the ethics of the profession in the interest and development of the country Nigeria.
Adelusi, O. (2000). "Poverty militates against code of ethics" In ethics and regulation: Formulating a working agenda for journalists and the media. Lagos: International Press Centre,
Akinfeleye, R. (2007). Essentials of journalism: Introductory text for the beginner (4th ed) Lagos: Unimedia.
Asemah, E.S. (2011). Principles and practice of mass communication. Jos: Great Future Publications
Egbon, M. (2006). The problems of ethics in the mass media. Unpublished paper presented
Ekwo, U. (1996). "Commercialization of the news in Nigerian media: An Impediment to Information flow" In I. Nwosu and U. Ekwo (Eds) Mass Media and Marketing Communications. Enugu: Thought Communications Publishers
Eweluka, B. N. (2004). Introduction to Nigeria press. Onitsha: Maranatha Press Ltd.
Hanson, R. E. (2005). Mass communication: Living in a media world. New York: McGraw – Hill Companies.
Harrison, J. (2006). News. London and New York: Routledge Tylor and Francis Group. held at peninsula resort, Km 25, Lagos Express Road, Ajah, Lagos.
Idowu, L. (2001). "The trouble with daily times" In I. Lanre (Ed) Watching The Watchdogs. Lagos: Diamond Publications Ltd.
--------- (1996). Ethical crisis in Nigerian Press: A Socio-Economic Review In Journalism in Nigeria: Issues and Perspectives. NUJ: Lagos. Pp 198 - 209
Kant, I. (1964). Ground work of the metaphysics of morals. New York: Harper and Row.
McManus, J.H (2009). The commercialization of news. in the handbook of journalism. (Ed) by Wah, K. Jorgensen: Hanitzsch Thomas.
McQuail, D. (2005). Mass communication theory (5thed). London: SAGE Publications
Meril, J. C. and Barney, R. D. (1982). Ethics and the press: readings in mass media Morality. (Eds) New York: Hastings House Publishers.
Ogbuoshi, L. (2005) Issues in Nigeria mass media history. Enugu: Linco Enterprises.
Okunna, C.S. (1993) Theory and practice of mass communication Enugu and Lagos: ABIC publishers.
Omenugha, K.A and Oji, M. (2008). News commercialization, ethics and objectivity in journalism practice in Nigeria: Strange bedfellow?
Onoja, I. (1990). The impact of commercialization on news selection by three broadcast station in Nigeria, in MAJASS.
Oso, L. (2000) "Inculcating ethical standards through education and retraining" In Ethics and Regulation: Formulating a working agenda for journalists and the media. Lagos: International Press Centre
Penslar, R.L. (1995). Research ethics: cases and materials. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Linus Mun Ngantem, Kyermun Samuel Dapiya
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA) license.
You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.