Vehicle Inscriptions in Nigeria: A Medium of Constructing Identity and Social Practices


  • Mohammed Sada Bature Department of English and French, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University
  • Ibrahim Sani Department of English and French, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University


Vehicle, Inscription, Medium, Construction, Identity, Social Practices, CDA


This paper explores the discoursal practices presented in the form of inscriptions written on vehicles in this context tricycle, which are popularly known as kekenapep in Nigeria. The paper employs a qualitative approach to examine the inscriptions as texts written on the tricycles. These inscriptions that comprise words, phrases and sentences form the unit of analysis. Critical Discourse Analysis, CDA is used as the framework of analysis to explore how owners of these vehicle (in most cases the drivers) construct their identity and express their feelings emotions and opinions about their society.100 written inscriptions were collected form 100 tricycles in Katsina metropolis between October to December, 2015. The data was analysed using the Hallyday's (1985) Functional grammar and Fairclough’s ideational view of language as form of social practice. The findings indicate that drivers express their emotions through adages words and phrases that comment on social values and their personal opinions about their society. They use the back side of the vehicle as a medium of self-expression on social issues in the Nigerian social context.


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How to Cite

Bature, M. S., & Sani, I. (2019). Vehicle Inscriptions in Nigeria: A Medium of Constructing Identity and Social Practices. Nairobi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(1).