Vehicle Inscriptions in Nigeria: A Medium of Constructing Identity and Social Practices
Keywords:Vehicle, Inscription, Medium, Construction, Identity, Social Practices, CDA
This paper explores the discoursal practices presented in the form of inscriptions written on vehicles in this context tricycle, which are popularly known as kekenapep in Nigeria. The paper employs a qualitative approach to examine the inscriptions as texts written on the tricycles. These inscriptions that comprise words, phrases and sentences form the unit of analysis. Critical Discourse Analysis, CDA is used as the framework of analysis to explore how owners of these vehicle (in most cases the drivers) construct their identity and express their feelings emotions and opinions about their society.100 written inscriptions were collected form 100 tricycles in Katsina metropolis between October to December, 2015. The data was analysed using the Hallyday's (1985) Functional grammar and Fairclough’s ideational view of language as form of social practice. The findings indicate that drivers express their emotions through adages words and phrases that comment on social values and their personal opinions about their society. They use the back side of the vehicle as a medium of self-expression on social issues in the Nigerian social context.
Chapelle, C. A. (1998). Some notes on Systemic-Functional linguistics. English/Linguistics, 511.
Chiluwa, I. (2008). Religious vehicle stickers in Nigeria: A discourse of identity, faith and social vision. Discourse & Communication, 2(4), 371–387.
Date-Bah, E. (1980). The inscriptions on the vehicles of Ghanaian commercial drivers: a sociological analysis. Journal of Modern African Studies, 18(3), 523–31.
Eggins, S. (2004). Introduction to systemic functional linguistics. A&C Black. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=sS7UXugIIg8C&oi=fnd&pg=PR13&dq=Eggins+(2004)+linguistic+analysis&ots=xbruOoWyUi&sig=KW0lmTsTRKGBp8_stu-dhzXbCbY
Halliday, M. A. K. (1978). Language as social semiotic. London Arnold.
Hibbert, L. (2013). Visual evidence of self-inscriptions of identity by marginalised communities in Mitchell’s Plain, South Africa. South African Journal of Art History, 28(3), 77–90.
Lawuyi, O. B. (1988). The world of the Yoruba taxi driver: an interpretive approach to vehicle slogans. Africa, 58(01), 1–13.
Nyoni, M., & Nyoni, T. (2010). Semiotic Exploration of the Inscriptions on Public Vehicle Walls. NAWA: Journal of Language and Communication, 4(1), 15.
O’Halloran, K. L. (2008). Systemic functional-multimodal discourse analysis (SF-MDA): Constructing ideational meaning using language and visual imagery. Visual Communication, 7(4), 443–475.
Smitherman, G., & van Dijk, T. A. (1988). Discourse and discrimination. Wayne State University Press.
Van der Geest, S. (2009). ‘Anyway!’: lorry inscriptions in Ghana. Retrieved from http://dare.uva.nl/document/180158
Wang, J. (2010). A critical discourse analysis of Barack Obama’s speeches. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 1(3), 254–261.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Mohammed Sada Bature, Ibrahim Sani
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This open-access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY-NC-SA) license.
You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format.
Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.
Under the following terms:
Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.